Project environment


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Project environment:
Definition of the environment: It is the set of factors and variables surrounding the project, which directly or indirectly affect the project.

The project manager must analyze strategic elements in the project environment before the project planning process, because this analysis is very useful in collecting and analyzing data related to project planning.

Types of project environment:

The project environment is divided into two main types:

1- The internal environment

2- The external environment

This external environment is divided into two parts:

A- The private environment of the project.

B- The general environment of the project.

A- The internal environment:

The internal environment of the project consists of the following strategic elements:

؝ The organizational structure of the project.

؝ the organizational culture of the project.

؝ Project resources (we mean human resources, financial resources, material resources, and information).

Therefore, the project manager analyzes the strategic elements described above to know the strengths and weaknesses of the project, in order to maximize the strengths and address the weaknesses, this matter helps in the successful planning of the project.

2- The external environment:

A- Special environment or task environment. By this environment we mean all the factors and variables that directly affect the activities and activities of the project. These are represented in the following:

Project Clients.



Workers in the project.

- The related parties to the project mentioned above.

B- The general or wide environment of the project, as follows:

The Political Environment.

- The economic environment.

The social and cultural environment.

- rules and regulations.


Therefore, the project manager must consider analyzing all the strategic elements in the external environment mentioned above, for the purpose of seizing opportunities in the external environment surrounding the project, and for the purpose of adapting and adapting to the risks and threats that prevented from seizing the opportunities presented to the project.

In summary: that strategic analysis is very important before conducting planning, because it helps to achieve a balance between the project's internal and external elements, for the purpose of identifying the project's capabilities and capabilities in seizing opportunities and carrying out project work to achieve its goals efficiently and effectively.

Planning in construction projects:

Emphasis will be placed on planning in construction projects, because this type of project is the focal point in which stakeholders and organizations are concerned with the specificity and importance of these projects compared to the different types of projects.

In order to prepare this planning, the following must be found: -

1- Knowing the time required to prepare the materials needed to complete the project.

2- The types of equipment, machines and devices required to implement the project, as well as knowledge of their preparation and the size of their energies.

3- Knowing the human resources needed to work on the project in terms of quantity and quality.

4- Knowing the financial resources needed to implement the project, by preparing an estimated budget for this purpose.

5- Knowing the length of time it takes to implement the project, i.e. setting the time frame and timetable necessary to implement the project.